Countries for Visa-Free Travel with US Passports in 2023

This article provides information on visa-free travel for US passport holders in 2023. It includes a list of countries where US citizens can travel without a visa. Additionally, it covers visa on arrival and Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) options for US residents visiting certain countries.

Visa-Free Travel Destinations for US Passport Holders in 2023

The US passport ranks second in terms of travel, investor, and relocation advantages in 2023. This ranking is based on the Global Passport Index, which considers mobility, investment opportunities, and quality of life. The US performs well in the three indicators: Enhanced Mobility Index (17th place), Investment Index (3rd place), and Quality of Life Index (39th place). Germany holds the first position in this ranking. US passport holders enjoy visa-free travel to 173 countries or territories, although some countries may impose stricter requirements for longer stays (30, 60, 90, or 180 days). US citizens traveling for business or study might need additional visas.

A US passport allows you to travel to numerous countries worldwide, including the United Kingdom, Japan, and Singapore. US citizens can visit all 27 EU countries without a tourist visa, along with other European countries like the United Kingdom, Andorra, Serbia, Montenegro, and Iceland. For more details on the USA Passport, please refer to our US country page.

What is the meaning of visa-free travel?

Visa-free travel refers to an agreement between countries that allows the citizens of one country to enter another country for a specified period without the need to obtain a visa in advance. This arrangement simplifies the process for individuals wishing to travel to a foreign country for tourism, business, or other purposes, as they are not required to go through the bureaucratic procedures associated with obtaining a visa.

However, it's important to understand that visa-free travel does not grant unlimited access to a destination. Travelers are still obligated to abide by the immigration rules and regulations of the country they are visiting. This includes fulfilling necessary identification requirements, providing evidence of the purpose of their visit, and meeting other entry criteria such as demonstrating sufficient funds, possessing return tickets, or obtaining travel insurance. Depending on the country, it may also be necessary to complete a travel authorization form before embarking on the journey, such as the electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) in Canada or an electronic visa (e-Visa) in other nations.

Countries Where US Travelers Can Visit Without a Visa

Previously mentioned, the United States passport holds a prominent position worldwide in terms of mobility, currently ranked 17th. As of 2023, American citizens enjoy a significant number of visa-free countries. Here is an updated list:

Visa-free access

Albania

El Salvador

South Korea

Portugal

American Samoa

Equatorial Guinea

Kosovo

Puerto Rico

Andorra

Estonia

Kyrgyzstan

Romania

Anguilla

Falkland Islands

Latvia

Sabah and Sarawak

Antigua and Barbuda

Faroe Islands

Lesotho

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Argentina

Fiji

Lichtenstein

Saint Lucia

Armenia

Finland

Lithuania

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Aruba

France

Luxembourg

San Marino

Austria

French Guiana

Macau

Sao Tome and Principe

Bahamas

French Polynesia

North Macedonia

Senegal

Barbados

French West Indies

Malaysia

Serbia

Belarus

Georgia

Malta

Singapore

Belgium

Germany

Marshall Islands

Sint Maarten

Belize

Gibraltar

Mayotte

Slovakia

Bermuda

Greece

Mauritius

Slovenia

Bonaire

Greenland

Mexico

South Africa

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Grenada

Micronesia

South Ossetia

Botswana

Guam

Moldova

Spain

British Virgin Islands

Guatemala

Monaco

Svalbard

Brunei

Guernsey

Mongolia

Swaziland

Bulgaria

Guyana

Montenegro

Sweden

Canada

Haiti

Montserrat

Switzerland

Cayman Islands

Honduras

Morocco

Taiwan

The Central African Republic

Hong Kong

Namibia

Transnistria

Chile

Hungary

Netherlands

Trinidad and Tobago

Colombia

Iceland

New Zealand

Tunisia

Cook Islands

Indonesia

Nicaragua

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Costa Rica

Ireland

Northern Mariana Islands

Turks and Caicos Islands

Croatia

Isle of Man

Norway

Ukraine

Curacao

Israel

Palau

United Kingdom

Cyprus

Italy

Palestine

Uruguay

Czech Republic

Jamaica

Panama

US Virgin islands

Denmark

Japan

Peru

Vanuatu

Dominica

Kazakhstan

Phu Quoc

Vatican City

Dominican Republic

Kiribati

Pitcairn Islands

 

Ecuador

Kish Island

Poland

 

E-Visa Requirements for US Citizens Traveling Abroad

In addition to the list of visa-free countries for US passport holders, there are certain visa requirements that US citizens need to be aware of. These requirements may include obtaining permits from either the US government or the foreign government of the destination country. There are also options such as the Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) and electronic visas (e-Visas) that may be necessary.

Furthermore, there are specific locations where US travelers have the option to obtain a visa upon arrival. In such cases, travelers are required to obtain a stamp on their passports upon entering the customs and borders of these foreign countries. The duration of this visa is typically determined by the intended length of stay, in accordance with the rules and regulations of each country.

To assist US travelers, we have compiled a comprehensive list of countries and territories that require travelers to obtain documentation such as an ETA or e-Visa prior to their visit:

ETA or e-Visa

Angola

Djibouti

Mauritania

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

Antarctica

Egypt

Mount Athos

Sri Lanka

Ascension Island

Eritrea

Mozambique

Sudan Darfur

Australia

Ethiopia

Myanmar

Suriname

Azerbaijan

Gabon

Nepal

Tajikistan

Bahrain

Galapagos

Niue

Tanzania

Baikonur and Prizoresk

Guinea-Bissau

Oman

Tibet Autonomous Region

Bangladesh

India

Papua New Guinea

Timor-Leste

Benin

Iraqi Kurdistan

Paraguay

Togo

Brest and Grodno

Jan Mayen

Qatar

Tonga

British Indian Ocean Territory

Jordan

Rwanda

Tristan de Cunha

Bolivia

Kenya

Saint Helena

Turkey

Brazil

Kuwait

Samoa

Tuvalu

Burkina Faso

Laos

San Andres and Leticia

Uganda

Cambodia

Lebanon

Seychelles

Zimbabwe

Cape Verde

Madagascar

Solomon Islands

United Arab Emirates

Comoros

Malawi

Somaliland

Vietnam

Cote D’Ivoire

Maldives

Somalia

Zambia

 

Visa Requirements for US Passport Holders in Different Countries

While US citizens enjoy visa-free travel to numerous countries, there are certain destinations that require them to obtain a visa before departure. Notable examples include China and Russia. Consequently, it is essential for travelers to verify whether their intended destination necessitates a visa. Adequate preparation is key to avoid any unwelcome surprises or delays at the airport.

The visa application process varies depending on the specific regulations and policies of each country. At times, it can prove challenging, especially if the country in question has a strained relationship with the United States.

Here is a compilation of countries and territories where US citizens are required to obtain a visa. Additionally, are there any countries that do not accept US passports? It is important to note that North Korea is the sole destination where travel is prohibited for US citizens, as it maintains a closed border policy for both US citizens and citizens of other nations.

Visa requirements

  • Afghanistan
  • Mali
  • Algeria
  • Margarita Island
  • Bhutan
  • Nauru
  • Burundi
  • Niger
  • Cameroon
  • Nigeria
  • Chad
  • Pakistan
  • China
  • Philippines
  • Crimea
  • Russia
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Sierra Leone
  • Republic of the Congo
  • South Sudan
  • Cuba
  • Sudan
  • Eritrea
  • Syria
  • Gambia
  • Tokelau
  • Ghana
  • Turkmenistan
  • Guinea
  • Uzbekistan
  • Hainan
  • Venezuela
  • Iran
  • Yemen
  • Iraq
  • Liberia
  • Libya

Passport Validity Requirements for US Travelers

Passport eligibility policies vary among countries, and while having a valid passport is generally the main requirement for travel, additional criteria may apply.

In order to travel to the countries listed below, your passport should be valid for the specified duration:

  • Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain, Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Côte D’Ivoire, Curacao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Somaliland, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe.
    • Valid for at least six months after your arrival.
  • Micronesia, Zambia.
    • Valid for at least four months after your arrival.
  • All EU countries (except Ireland, the UK, and Denmark), Albania, Belarus, Georgia, Honduras, Iceland, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lichtenstein, Moldova, Monaco, Nauru, Panama, Saint Barthelemy, San Marino, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates.
    • Valid for at least three months after your arrival.
  • Bermuda.
    • Valid for at least 45 days after your arrival.
  • Hong Kong, Eritrea, New Zealand, South Africa, Macau.
    • Valid for at least one month after your arrival.

Please note that these requirements are subject to change, and it is always advisable to verify the current regulations with the respective embassies or consulates of the countries you plan to visit.

Biometrics and Vaccination Requirements for International Travel

It is important to stay informed about the ongoing COVID-19 situation, as different countries have varying entry requirements such as proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test upon arrival. These requirements can change frequently based on the current state of the pandemic, so it is advisable to check the specific requirements of your destination before making travel plans.

In some cases, simply showing a CDC vaccination card may not be sufficient. Certain countries now require travelers to set up a vaccine passport before their trip, as they demand proof of vaccination from all visitors. It's worth noting that not all countries accept all types of vaccines, so it is important for travelers to verify the specific vaccine requirements in advance. The International Certificate of Vaccination is often used to determine which types of vaccines are accepted.

For US citizens, some destinations that have implemented such requirements include Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte D’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia.

Fortunately, travelers from the United States have less to worry about, as all US vaccines are generally approved and accepted by most countries as valid proof of vaccination. Nonetheless, it is still crucial to stay up to date with the latest regulations and requirements imposed by your destination country.

Helpful Tips for US Citizens Traveling Abroad

When embarking on a journey abroad, meticulous planning and attention to detail are paramount. We've all encountered situations during our travels that could have been smoother with better preparation. One of the key aspects to consider is ensuring you possess the necessary documents to avoid last-minute stress and unnecessary chaos. For citizens of the United States, it is vital to familiarize yourself with these crucial travel documents to ensure a hassle-free trip.

To help you streamline your preparations, we have compiled a comprehensive pre-trip checklist. By diligently following these guidelines, you can minimize stress and enjoy a more seamless travel experience.

Research and Gather Information

Once you have selected your destination, booked your trip, and determined whether a visa is required, it is crucial to gather up-to-date country-specific information.

Connect with fellow travelers who have previously visited the region and seek advice and recommendations through social networks. Gathering firsthand information about your destination can provide valuable insights. What is the current situation there? Where is the nearest U.S. embassy in case of emergencies?

Moreover, consider enrolling in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP), which allows you to receive travel and safety updates from the U.S. government. They will also provide specific information relevant to your trip and can assist you in case of an emergency.

Prepare the Required Documents

Before your departure, ensure you have all the necessary documents to facilitate border crossings and ensure a smooth return home.

Whether traveling domestically or internationally, valid identification is a must. While you can leave your voter registration card at home, remember to bring the following forms of identification:

  • Your child's passport and visa (if traveling to a destination requiring a visa)
  • Driver's license (if planning to drive in another country)
  • Parental guardianship documentation or permission to travel if accompanied by a minor who is not your child
  • Any prescriptions or medical documents required for your medication while traveling

Creating multiple copies of travel documents and credit cards is an essential precautionary step. Keep one copy separate from the originals while traveling, and store another copy at home or with a trusted individual. Additionally, leave a copy of your itinerary and emergency contact information with someone trustworthy. In case your travel documents are lost or stolen, promptly contact the U.S. embassy in your location.

Consider Travel Insurance

For most travelers, having travel insurance is crucial. Numerous insurance policies cater to different needs, but most cover emergency medical treatment, trip cancellation, evacuation, and lost baggage.

When traveling, there are inherent risks of illness or accidents. Travel insurance provides peace of mind to experienced travelers. It is advisable to choose a policy that includes both health and property coverage. From compensating for lost luggage to emergency evacuations, travel insurance can save you a significant amount of money in case of unforeseen events during your trip.

After gathering local information and organizing essential documents, carefully evaluate the type of insurance coverage that suits your needs. Various companies offer a range of insurance options, including:

  • Health insurance covering medical issues, which can sometimes extend to traveling companions, family members, or friends accompanying you. This includes basic coverage for common ailments and hospital visits, as well as supplemental insurance for more complex medical emergencies.
  • Emergency evacuation insurance in case of regional crises or disasters at your destination.
  • Travel insurance provided by the airline or agency through which you purchased your ticket, covering your specific itinerary.

Rather than fixating on potential issues, it is important to remain aware of your surroundings and take small precautions to ensure your safety. By adopting these measures, you can explore new places and enjoy your adventures abroad with greater confidence.

Traveling to Europe: Guide for US Travelers

When it comes to wanderlust, Europeans often envision traversing the vast landscape of North America, while Americans harbor equal fascination for exploring the diverse wonders of Europe. If you hold a US passport and are eager to embark on your European adventure, you may be wondering which countries in the European Union permit visa-free travel for American citizens. Fortunately, the following European countries extend this privilege to US passport holders, negating the requirement for a short-term Schengen visa:

List of countries - No short-term Schengen visa is required

Austria

Liechtenstein

Belgium

Lithuania

Czech Republic

Luxembourg

Denmark

Malta

Estonia

Netherlands

Finland

Norway

France

Poland

Germany

Portugal

Greece

Slovakia

Hungary

Slovenia

Iceland

Spain

Italy

Sweden

Latvia

Switzerland

If you are a citizen of the United States with a valid passport, you can travel to any European Member State for up to 90 days without the need for a Schengen visa. This exemption applies to short-term international travel and business trips.

However, if you are a non-American resident living in the United States, the visa requirements may vary depending on your nationality and travel plans to Europe:

  • US Residents from Countries with Visa Waiver Policy: If you are a resident of the United States and a citizen of a country with which the EU has established a visa waiver policy, you do not need a visa to enter Europe.
  • US Residents from Countries without Visa Waiver Policy: Residents of the United States who are citizens of countries without a visa waiver policy agreement with the European Union must apply for a Schengen Visa in the United States to visit these countries.

It's important to note that citizens of the United States planning a trip to Europe will soon be required to apply for a visa waiver through the European Travel Information and Authorization System (ETIAS). ETIAS is a new European travel authorization that will be implemented from 1st November 2024. It will allow short-term stays in all Schengen nations for a specified duration. This measure aims to enhance security and prevent immigration issues and terrorism.

From 1st November 2024, all Americans traveling to the 27 countries in the European Schengen Area, as well as non-EU countries such as Liechtenstein, Iceland, Switzerland, and Norway, will need to have an ETIAS authorization.

  • Required Documents: While US citizens enjoy visa-free travel to the Schengen Area, there are still certain documents they must carry with them:
  • Valid US Passport: Ensure that your United States passport is valid for at least three months beyond your planned departure from the Schengen Area.
  • Proof of Sufficient Financial Means: You need to provide evidence of adequate financial resources to cover your expenses during your stay in Europe.
  • Reason for Entry: Carry documentation that explains the purpose of your travel to the Schengen Area.

In case of rejection at the EU border, a traveler must return to the US and complete an application for a standard Schengen Visa.

Please note that visa requirements and regulations are subject to change, so it is advisable to stay updated with the latest information from the relevant authorities.

Traveling to the UK: Essential Information for US Visitors

Visiting the United Kingdom as a tourist or for business purposes is visa-free for travelers from the United States. If you hold a valid US passport, you can stay in the UK for up to 6 months without needing a visa.

US citizens are exempt from obtaining a visa when traveling to the United Kingdom. However, if you are a green card holder, you may be required to apply for a UK visa while you are in the US, as visa-free access depends on your nationality.

To apply for a UK visa in the United States, follow these steps if you are a green card holder:

  • Determine if you need a visa to enter the United Kingdom.
  • Complete the online visa application form for the UK.

To initiate the visa application process, you must fill out the online application form accurately and provide all necessary information. It is essential to ensure that the information on the application form matches the details in your other required documents. Failure to do so may result in your application being rejected.

  • Schedule an appointment for biometric data submission.

After completing the application form, you will need to schedule an appointment at one of the over 130 Application Support Centers (ASCs) located throughout the United States. During this appointment, you will be required to provide a digital image and a digital scan of all ten fingerprints. The processing time for submitting your visa application and supporting documents can be as quick as 1 to 1.5 days, with a maximum waiting period of two weeks.

  • Attend the visa interview.

Once you have gathered all the necessary documents, you can either mail them to a registered travel agent or submit them to the British Consulate General in New York. Prepare a checklist of your application, passport, and other required documents, and place them in an envelope without stapling.

During the interview, make sure to bring your passport, a printout of the application form, and a copy of the receipt for the biometric information submission.

By following these steps, US green card holders can successfully apply for a UK visa in the United States and enjoy their visit to the United Kingdom.

FAQ

What is the ranking of the US passport?

The US passport is ranked 2nd according to the Global Passport Index in 2023. It achieved this position based on its potential, as measured by three individual indicators: Enhanced Mobility Index (17th place), Investment Index (3rd place), and Quality of Life Index (39th place).

Is a US passport necessary for international travel?

Yes, a US passport is required for international travel. It is mandatory for both exiting and entering the United States, as well as for visiting other countries. When traveling abroad, it is essential to have proper identification for safety purposes.

How many countries can a US citizen visit without a visa?

US citizens have access to visa-free travel in 173 countries. For instance, US passport holders can visit all 27 countries in the Schengen area in Europe, along with the United Kingdom, without the need for a visa.

Which countries do not accept the US passport?

While the US passport is recognized by all countries globally, there are a few exceptions and restrictions. Some countries that have limitations on US passport holders include North Korea, Iran, Syria, Yemen, and Libya. Obtaining a visa to travel to these countries can be challenging for US citizens.

Can US citizens travel to Europe without a visa?

Yes, US citizens can travel to Europe without a visa. Under the Visa Waiver Program (VWP), US citizens can enjoy visa-free travel to the countries within the Schengen Area, which encompasses popular destinations like France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and others. It's important to note that not all European countries are part of the Schengen Area or European Union agreements.

Is it visa-free for US citizens to travel to the UK?

US citizens can enter the UK without a visa for tourism or business purposes, as long as their stay does not exceed six months. However, if the purpose of the visit is different or a longer stay is planned, US citizens must apply for the relevant visas.

Do US citizens need a visa to visit Paris?

No, US passport holders do not need a visa to visit France, including Paris, for stays of up to 90 days per year. US citizens can enter France either visa-free, with a visa on arrival, or by filling out an electronic visa or electronic travel authorization, depending on the circumstances.

Do US citizens need a visa to travel to Dubai?

No, US citizens can enter the United Arab Emirates, including Dubai, and stay visa-free for up to 30 days.

Do Americans require a visa to visit Canada?

US citizens can enter Canada as temporary visitors under the Visa Waiver Program (VWP). They must present a valid US passport at the Canadian border and are usually granted entry for up to six months.

However, additional requirements may apply depending on the nature and duration of the visit. For example, if a US citizen plans to work, study, or stay in Canada for a longer period, they may need to apply for the appropriate visa or permit.